Answered By: Jennifer Winterburn
Last Updated: 02 Aug 2018

You might want to cite a piece of work mentioned or quoted within another author’s work. This is known as a secondary reference as you have not actually seen the original source yourself.

In the text of your essay or assignment, cite both the original source and the secondary source, which you have read, using the words ‘quoted in’ or ‘cited in’ depending on whether the source gives a direct quotation from, or a summary of, the original:

Example: secondary citing of a summary or paraphrase Smith (2004, cited in Jones, 2007, p. 63) outlined some of the different research philosophies.

In the list of references or bibliography include the date and publication details of the piece of work, and then ‘Quoted in:’ or ‘Cited in:’ followed by the reference for the source you have actually seen:

Example: secondary reference in the list of references or bibliography Smith, R. (2004) How to research. Research Weekly, 12 (8) October, pp. 17-20. Quoted in: Jones, F. (2007) Researching your dissertation. Research Today, 4 (6) March, pp. 61-67.